AHA and BHA are hydroxy acids that are used to treat acne and other skin problems. Additionally, hydroxy acids are used cosmetically to enhance the look of the skin.
Alpha-hydroxy acid is abbreviated AHA, whereas beta-hydroxy acid is abbreviated BHA.
Glycolic acid, lactic acid, and salicylic acid are the most prevalent hydroxy acids.
These chemicals can be found in a number of cosmetic treatments that claim to cure a variety of skin problems and improve skin characteristics.
Selecting the most suited product to achieve the desired goal might be difficult.
This page discusses the distinctions between AHA and BHA, the ailments they treat, and the optimal dosage.
What is the difference between AHAs and BHAs?
Five naturally occurring organic acids are classified as AHAs:
- lactic acid glycolic acid
- acid citric
- acid malic
- acid tartaric
These are mild acids that may help the skin look better. Individuals can obtain AHAs in the form of skin peels to address the following conditions:
- melancholic melasma (brown or gray patches of skin)
- pigmentation amplification (patches of darker skin)
- signs of aging
- syphilis (rash with red and itchy spots and white scales)
BHAs are used to minimize the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines on the skin and to enhance the general texture of the skin.
Salicylic acid, a form of BHA, is a frequently used component in acne treatments.
Various BHAs include the following:
- acid salicylic
- hydroxybutanoic acid (beta-hydroxybutanoic acid)
- acid tropica
- acid trethocanic
Glycolic acid, lactic acid, and salicylic acid are the most often utilized hydroxy acids.
Both parties gain from the arrangement.
The potential of hydroxy acids to repair sun-damaged skin is one of their most often cited advantages.
Doctors monitor skin roughness, color changes, and collagen density to determine if sun-damaged skin has improved.
Due to the purported advantages of hydroxy acids, several skincare businesses have created hydroxy acid-containing cosmetic products.
Both AHAs and BHAs act as exfoliants, although in distinct ways.
AHAs act by lowering the calcium ion content in the skin. This stimulates skin cell shedding at the surface.
While BHAs are also used to exfoliate the skin, salicylic acid has added antibacterial properties.
Despite several research on AHAs and BHAs, scientists remain in the dark about their safety and efficacy.
Typically, studies employ items with disparate active components and directions for usage, making it difficult to compare products.
Numerous hydroxy acid-containing products are exfoliants and moisturizers.
They are also present in trace amounts in over-the-counter prescription creams and lotions.
Individuals can discover greater concentrations of hydroxy acids in chemical peels used to treat calluses, acne, photoaging, skin growths, and psoriasis.
How are they dissimilar?
While both AHAs and BHAs are exfoliants, each hydroxy acid has unique qualities that make it more suitable for treating specific skin problems or enhancing specific skin characteristics.
Salicylic acid is less irritating than AHA glycolic acid.
Another distinction between AHAs and BHAs is that BHAs strengthen the skin’s resilience to UV damage while simultaneously acting as an antibacterial agent.
Due to their antibacterial properties, BHAs are ideal components for acne products.
AHAs give a more vigorous exfoliation, which may be more effective in repairing sun-damaged skin and slowing the aging process.
They also have an influence on the synthesis of collagen and procollagen. These are chemicals that can help photoaged skin seem younger.
Because AHAs are more aggressive, they should be used with caution due to the possibility of sun sensitivity.
Which to select
A person’s choice of skin product should be based on the hydroxy acid that is most appropriate for their individual requirement.
Due to its antibacterial characteristics, BHA appears to be more effective in treating skin problems such as acne.
AHAs, such as glycolic and lactic acid, may be beneficial in the treatment of skin pigmentation alterations such as melasma, solar lentigines, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. According to experts, the faster action of AHA makes it a better alternative for enhancing skin tone than treatments containing BHA.
Additionally, due to AHA’s more aggressive method of action and its effect on collagen, those seeking to repair sun-damaged or aging skin may prefer products containing AHA. Another AHA, lactic acid, is a great moisturizer.
It is worth noting, however, that much of the available evidence appears to have been derived from trials with people with lighter skin tones. Further research is needed to determine the safety and efficacy of these products in people with darker skin tones.
How to Employ AHAs
Numerous advantages are attributed to AHA-containing products, including the following:
- minimizing the appearance of small lines and surface wrinkles
- enhancing the texture and tone of the skin
- pore unblocking and cleaning
- enhancing the overall look of the skin
AHAs exfoliate the skin. Exfoliation removes dead skin cells from the surface of the skin. How much an AHA-containing product exfoliates the skin is dependent on its concentration, acidity, and other components.
Using AHAs has a number of adverse consequences. These adverse effects are most often associated with skin peeling products. Localized side effects refer to those that occur in the area of the skin where the substance was administered. They may include the following:
On the skin, a burning feeling
- alterations in the color of the skin
- welts or blisters
- peeling of the skin
- irritates the skin
- burns caused by chemicals
- danger of sunburn
To use AHA-containing skin products safely, carefully follow the recommendations on the product’s label. Bear in mind any cautionary statements on the product label.
Individuals who routinely use AHA-containing cosmetics should wear sunscreen. Sun protection measures include the use of sunscreen, protective gear, and minimizing exposure to the sun.
According to the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel, products containing glycolic acid and lactic acid are considered safe if they:
AHA is present at concentrations of 10% or less.
They have a pH greater than 3.5.
The lotion protects the skin against increasing sun sensitivity, or the packaging indicates that daily sun protection is recommended.
Before using an AHA-containing product, individuals should see a physician or dermatologist confirm the product is both safe and effective.
How to Employ BHAs
According to the CIR Expert Panel, products containing BHA, such as salicylic acid, are safe as long as their composition avoids skin irritation and increased UV sensitivity.
If the manufacturer of the skincare product anticipates that the user may develop sun sensitivity as a result of using the product, the manufacturer must include explicit warnings on the product package.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends that specific precautions be used while utilizing BHA-containing products. Among these safeguards are the following:
- Prior to using treatments containing BHA to a wider surface of the skin, try them on a tiny part of the skin.
- strictly according to the directions on the product label
- avoiding exceeding the number of applications recommended
- avoiding the use of skin products containing BHA on babies and children
- Using sunscreen when utilizing BHA-containing products
Before using a BHA-containing product, individuals should see a physician or dermatologist to determine the safest and most effective product.
How to reconcile the two
Because both AHAs and BHAs are exfoliants, their combination can be quite irritating to the skin.
If a person wants to utilize both AHA and BHA treatments to treat various skin conditions, they should see a physician. Excessive skin irritation can aggravate existing skin problems and make them worse.
Certain kinds of AHA are less harsh and maybe more suited for use in combination with BHA.
Additionally, products containing hydroxy acids may not require daily usage, which may alleviate skin irritation if individuals require more than one treatment.
Spot treating the skin with various lotions may also help avoid overall skin irritation. For instance, a person can use an anti-aging or sun damage repair treatment on their entire face yet use a BHA-containing product to treat acne-prone regions of skin.
Numerous skincare firms incorporate hydroxy acid components into their products due to its alleged advantages.
Both AHA and BHA are exfoliants.
AHA appears to be more helpful at treating skin pigmentation problems.
BHA is less abrasive and irritant, and it also possesses antimicrobial qualities.
Both AHA and BHA are effective at repairing sun-damaged skin.
To determine the most appropriate product, individuals should consult a physician or dermatologist who can assist in diagnosing skin problems and recommending the safest and most effective treatment option.